Writing the Introduction and Conclusion
The opening and closing of anything you write is important.
The way you introduce your subject to your reader in the first
few lines will greatly determine how they will approach your
ideas or even if they will continue reading at all. The introduction
of a research paper is especially important because research
papers tend to be long and complex.
Your introduction should accomplish key goals:
- Grab attention -- open with a quote, fact, statistic,
or short narrative.
- Convince readers that your paper is worth reading --
demonstrate the importance of your subject.with details.
- Explain the basic context of your subject
- Narrow the topic to a specific thesis that clearly states
You can also use the introduction to explain or justify your
research methods or address reader objections.
Your conclusion should accomplish specific tasks:
- Bring the paper to an interesting, logical end
- End with a final fact, quote, or comment to provoke readers
to accept your ideas and think about the topic on their
- Reinforce the main points of the essay without unnecessary
- Speculate about future action
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Sundance Reader, Third Edition, Web Site by Mark